Non-Proliferation Treaty and its consequences for the Nuclear Disarmament System with...

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Publish Date : 01/15/2022 14:50
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Non-Proliferation Treaty and its consequences for the Nuclear Disarmament System with emphasis on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

Retrieved from: Ali Tavakoli Tabasi, Mohammad Ali Moradi, Non-Proliferation Treaty and its consequences for the Nuclear Disarmament System with emphasis on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, International Law Review, 2021.

Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is the backbone of the system is nuclear non-proliferation in which nuclear-weapon states, along with other states, make a commitment under Article 6 to non-nuclear-weapon States not to receive and manufacture nuclear weapons to negotiate in good intention about ending the arms race and achieving complete nuclear disarmament in the world. But excessive delays by nuclear-armed countries in fulfilling their obligations under Article 6 of the NPT and also, the approvals of its review conferences and the 20-year silence and stagnation in this regard discouraged the supporters of nuclear disarmament. Hence, countries and peace advocates were persuaded to conclude a Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, so that it became impossible for them to achieve nuclear disarmament given the existing conditions and they set up the TPNW to put pressure on countries with nuclear weapons. But in fact, the TPNW's impact on the nuclear disarmament process has been diminished by sanctions against nuclear-weapon states and their allies. Fifty years after the NPT came into force and thirty years after the end of the Cold War, nuclear-weapon states have not yet taken effective action to disarm. According to some experts, in order to break the deadlock and establish a link between the two treaties, countries with nuclear weapons must commit to banning and threatening the use of such weapons instead of banning them through international consensus and nnecessary on the power and generality of the NPT. Such a treaty both address the risk of using nuclear weapons and addresses the security concerns of the nuclear-weapon states and their allies and also allows them to possess these weapons. According to these people, this step, although a small step, is a stronger step than TPNW and it can be a prelude to nuclear disarmament. Such a treaty is fully consistent with the structure and objectives of the NPT. In addition, this treaty may be ratified as a supplementary treaty or an additional protocol to it and possess the support of NPT members, countries with nuclear weapons outside the NPT, the UN Security Council and the International Atomic Energy Agency. In general, the ratification and signing of this treaty is valuable, which can be effective in de-legitimizing and desecrating nuclear weapons by standardization. However, the short time spent drafting it and the absence of nuclear-weapon states and their allies in the preliminary drafting sessions have caused some ambiguity in the text, its implementation and interaction with other nuclear treaties, including the NPT.

“ Non-Proliferation Treaty and its consequences for the Nuclear Disarmament System with emphasis on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty ”